Expert GD Moderators Group Discussion

5G Technology

5G is the next generation of mobile standards defined by the International Telecommunication Union. The ITU is a specialized agency of the United Nations for Information and Communications Technology responsible for the allocation of the global radio spectrum and the development of its demands.


5G technology can deliver data speeds of 10Gbps and above and will be about 20 times faster than 4G. In addition to data rates, 5G will reduce latency and enable energy savings and large-scale device connectivity.


It will pave the way for next-generation applications such as the Internet of Things and large-scale machine-to-machine communications for industries such as autonomous vehicles, smart homes, and cities, virtual reality applications.


     The main difference between 3G, 4G, and 5G

  • 3G technology is the third generation of mobile phone service, which provides faster speed, higher frequency, and better bandwidth than the second generation, while 4G technology is the fourth generation technology of mobile service which is completely Internet Protocol-based service, In which, voice data and multimedia can be sent and received at a respectable speed. 
  • But 5G will be smart and technically efficient many times faster than 4G
  • 5G telecommunications is a combination of telecommunications technology that uses very little energy, generates very little radiation, and provides very high data speeds through widespread connectivity.
  •  It is also known as a network for the Internet of Things (IoT). also designed as, with this, not only people but also utilities, machines, industrial equipment, automobiles, city infrastructure, public security, etc. will also be connected to others. On the 3G net, users can transmit data at the speed of 2 megabytes per second while the speed of 4G technology is 100Mbps.


  • The higher the bandwidth, the higher the data transfer rate. A government panel report suggests that even with 5G, network data speeds are expected to be in the range of 220(Gbps)


  • 3G technology works on the wide-area network concept while 4G technology works on the concept of local area network. 5G networks can run on 3400 MHz, 3500 MHz, and 3600 MHz bands but the 3500 MHz band is considered ideal.


  • Along with this, the millimeter-wave spectrum can play an important role in 5G, they are called millimeter-waves because their length is 1 to 10 mm and works on 30 to 300 GHz frequency in meter waves. These waves are still used in satellite networks and radar systems.


  Features of 5G

  • 1Gbps download speed 100 Mbps for that data rate hotspot and 50 Mbps upload speed for wide area coverage One Million Connections in Square Kilometer Area
  • Ultra-low latency 1-millisecond reliability mission-critical ultra-reliable communication for 99.999% mobility at high speeds up to 500 Kmph for high-speed trains


  • It will take a long time to become a reality but it has enough potential to completely change our current way of interacting with wireless devices


Mainstay pillars of 5G technology

Enhanced Mobile Broadband:-  Dedicated mobile broadband helps to provide ultra-high-speed internet service in densely populated urban areas in addition or is capable of providing virtual reality and augmented reality services


Massive Machine Type Communication:-   It can also provide internet service to a large number of connected devices which I . O.T  Enables High Density of Connectivity for Smart Industries in and Smart Cities Smart Power Grid.


Ultra-Reliable low-latency Communication:-  This meets the stringent requirement to reduce delays as low as 1 millisecond. This technology enables communication in mission-critical applications and thus enables applications in robotics and autonomous vehicles.


Benefits of 5G Technology


high-speed internet:- Currently 4G networks are capable of achieving a maximum download speed of 1 gigabyte per second. With 5G this speed can be increased to 10 gigabytes per second.


Ultra-Low - Latency:- Latency refers to the time it takes to transmit a data packet from one device to another. The latency rate in 4G is 50 milliseconds while in 5G it can be up to 1 millisecond.


well connected world:-  5G will provide as per the requirement and bandwidth used to accommodate technologies like the Internet of Things, thus helping in the adoption of Artificial Intelligence, according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Committee on Digital Economic Policy, the implementation of 5G technology will help increase GDP, create jobs and digitize the economy.


Potential Benefits of 5G in India

  • The cumulative economic impact of 5G on India could reach US$ 1 trillion by 2035 or would help us incorporate artificial intelligence into our lives and enable seamless data exchange through smart devices to provide an environment for the internet of things. - will enable rendering


  • 5G could enable improvements across the entire value chain, from agriculture to smart irrigation to better soil and crop monitoring and livestock management


  • Smart grids and smart metering could be supported in the energy sector 5G in health care could enable more effective remote-medicine delivery, remote control of surgical robotics, and wireless monitoring of vital data


  • According to a World Bank report, the implementation of 5G in India will accelerate economic growth by 13.8%. It will facilitate automation through the Internet of Things in smart manufacturing.


  • With the help of 5G, the use of virtual reality and robotics in health education, etc. will be possible, Smart City and Digital India programs will be promoted.


  • 5G will bring the digital revolution in rural India through initiatives like the Smart Village Application Cloud solution to improve productivity in sectors like Agriculture, MSME Banking, etc.


Estimated 88 million 5G connections by 2025

  • According to the GSMA Intelligence report released by the global telecom industry body in May 2019, India will have 93 crore unique mobile subscribers by the year 2025 while 5G connections in India are projected to reach 88 million by the year 2025.


  • Presently the number of mobile subscribers is calculated on the basis of the number of SIMs issued but there is a possibility of a subscriber having multiple SIMs as the actual number of mobile subscribers is not known, so now efforts are being intensified to accurately determine the number of people who are actually connected or mobile users.


  • As per the latest data outside India's total wireless subscriber base as of 31st March 2019 is 116 crores while the wireless teledensity is 886


  • The latest G Aisa Intelligence report states that there were around 1750 million unique customers in India by the end of the year 2018. This number is expected to increase to around 920 million by the year 2025.


  • India alone will account for nearly a quarter of the world's new mobile subscribers over this period, although the growth of the 5G ecosystem in India will depend on the ability of telecom operators to invest in networks that will require favorable support on policy and regulatory fronts.

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